Untimely, forceful, and unexpected death is inevitable and common worldwide. Evidence for causes of death may be obtained through the knowledge of insects’ successional pattern and postmortem interval on dead carcasses. Two rabbits (Lepus cuniculus) weighing 2.5 kg each were used as the experimental animals. The rabbits were sacrificed by poisoning and stabbing, postmortem evaluation was achieved by taking record of the insect’s successional pattern. The insects’ successional pattern revealed the following insects’ species in order in which they arrived on the carcasses: Musca domestica, Lucilia sericata, Chrysomya albiceps, Dermestes maculatus, and Armadillidium vulgare (usual sp). The family Formicidae were represented by two unidentified species. M. domestica arrived first on the stabbed carcass while L. sericata on poisoned carcass. A total of 105±50 insects were collected throughout the study period, with stabbed rabbit contributing 61±10 and poisoned 44±60 insects’ species. Variation in the number of forensically important insects’ species encountered in the study site did not show any significant difference (p>0.05) in relation to each decomposition stage. There was however a significant difference (p<0.05) between insects’ relative abundance and mode of killing. Insect evidence was found 3 minutes after death on the stabbed carcass and 3 days after on the poisoned carcass. The study has shown that insects' population can be used to establish postmortem evidence in rabbit carcasses.
insect colonization & succession on remains of rabbits treated with own organophosphate insecticide in El-Qalyubiyal Governor rate of Egypt”. Forensic Science International, vol. 208, pp. 26-30, 2011.
J. Amendt, R. Zehner, R. Krettek, “Forensic entomology”. The Science of Nature, Vol. 91, Pp. 51–65, 2004.
J. Amendt, C. P. Campobosso, E. Gaudry, C. Reiter, H. N. Le Blanc, M. J. R. Hall, “Best practice in Forensic entomology, standards and guidelines”. International Journal of Legal Medicine, vol. 121, pp. 90- 104, 2006.
J. Amendt, C. P. Campobasso, E. Gaundry, C. Reiter, H. LeBlance, M. Hall, “Best Practice Forensic Entomology Standards and Guidelines” International Journal of Legal Medicine, vol. 121, pp. 90- 104, 2007.
J. Amendt, M. L. Goff, P. Carlo, C. M. Grassberger, “Cuticular Hydrocarbons”, A New Tool in Forensic Entomology. In Current Concepts in Forensic Entomology, (Eds F.P. Drijfhoutz,). Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg, New York, vol. 369, pp. 12-29, 2010.
J. Amendt, C.P. Richards, R. Campobasso, C. S. Zehner, M.J. R. Hall, “Forensic entomology applications and limitations”. Journal of Forensic Science Medical Pathology, vol. 7, pp. 379–392, 2011.
M. A. M. Ashraf, F. A. A. Meklafi, “Differential Diptera Succession Different Habitats”, Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 2, pp. 1-6, 2016.
A. Azwadi, K. H. Nina, L. C. Owen, M. D. Nurizzati, B. Omar, “Adult carrion arthropod community in a tropical rainforest Malaysia”, Tropical Biomedicine, vol. 30(3), pp. 481-494, 2013.
M. Benecke, “A brief history of forensic entomology”. International journal of forensic entomology, vol. 120(1), pp. 18-25, 2001.
A. D. Chapman, “Number of living species in Australia and the world”, Journal of Australia biological resources study, vol. 5(3), pp. 232-237, 2006.
A. Daniel, “Forensic Pluralism and the Dead Body in Early 20th- Century China”, Academic Forensic Pathology, vol. 11(1), pp. 41-51, 2021. 10.1177/19253621211002504.
F. Y. Dupont, B. B. Felix, C. Daniel, D. L. Champlain, “Biodiversity study of the arthropods collected on rat carrion in Yaounde, Cameroon first study of forensic entomology in Central Africa”. International Journal of Bioscience, vol. 2(1), pp. 1-8, 2012.
E.M. EL-Kady, Y.E.E. Essa, O. Shalaby, “Varitions in the Blow and flesh Flies Succession on Rabbit Carrions Killed by different Methods”, Journal of Forensic Science, vol. 13, pp. 12-93, 1994.
A. Fazli, F. S. Syed, “Insect Succession on Rabbit (Oryctolagus cunicus L.) carrion in District Peshawar”, International Journal of Bioscience, vol. 10(6), pp. 253-258, 2017.
M. L. Goff, M. M. Flynn, “Determination of postmortem interval by arthropode succession”, Journal of forensic science, vol. 36(2), pp. 14-60, 1991.
R. D. Hall, “Perceptions & status of forensic entomology In Forensic Entomology the Utility of Arthropods in Legal Investigations, CRC, Boca Raton, Florida”, vol. 651, pp. 215-410, 2001.
J. Isacc, G. Mathew, S. Pradeesh, V. Geetha, The use of insects in forensic investigations: An overview on the scope of forensic entomology, Journal of forensic dental science, 130(1), pp. 89-91, 2011.
A.I. Jibrin, I. K. Olayemi, , A. T. Ande, F. O. Arimoro, M.O. Odeyemi,
A. Ukubuiwe, “Special Variation in Abundance of Forensically important Entomo-Fauna Inhabiting Decomposing Carcass in Minna, Nigeria”, International Journal of Applied Biological Research, vol. 8(1), pp. 195-205, 2017.
M. E. Lamia, H. Y. Mariam, “Seasonality of Insect Succession on remains of rabbit treated with Amitriptyline (Antidepresant Drug) in Alexandria, Egypt”, Journal of Advances in Biology, vol. 9(1), pp. 1- 6, 2019.
S. Matuszewski, K. Frateza, S. Konwerski, “Effect of body mass and clothing on carrion entomofauna”, International Journal of legal medicine, 130(l). pp. 1-12, 2015.
R.R. Maramat, N. A. A. Rahim, “A study of forensically important flies associated with decomposing rabbit carcasses in peat swamp forests in Kuching & Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, East Malaysia”, Journal of Biochemical biopharmaceutical & biomedical sciences, vol. 1, pp. 3-11, 2015.
G.M.Z. Mohammed, M.H. Kotb, A.F. Mohammed, A.A. Alaa, M.K. Mohammed, “Forensic-Insect Succession and Decomposition patterns of dog and rabbit Carcasses in different habitat”, Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, vol. 3(5), pp. 473-482, 2015.
M. Nyashamabika, M. Ron, M. Gilbert, “An initial study of insect succession on decomposing Rabbit carrion in Harare Zimbabwe”, Asian pacific Tropical Biomedical, vol. 4(7), pp. 561-565, 2014.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.