High Antiplasmodial Activity of Golden Gamat (S.hermanni) Extract Through In Vitro Study

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  •   Prawesty Diah Utami

  •   Varidianto Yudho

Abstract

S.hermanni is a marine biota that contains active components that are anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer. The research focused on examining the antiplasmodial activity of an ethanol extract of S. hermanni on the proliferation of P. falciparum in vitro. The total sample size was 30 mediums, which included: (G1). No extract or chloroquine administration in the P.falciparum medium (G2). Chloroquine treatment administration on P. falciparum medium (G3). P. falciparum medium with S. hermanni extract. Parasitaemia, growth percentage, inhibitory rate, and IC50 were among the parameters evaluated. Administration of extract serial doses succeeds in reducing the percentage of parasite growth and parasitemia levels. G3 demonstrated an inhibitory rate of 88.51 % with a dose of 100 µg/ml and an IC50 of 2.86 µg/ml, indicating high antimalarial activity, although chloroquine had greater antimalarial activity than S. hermanni extract. In vitro studies on S hermanni, ethanol extract indicated that it contains bioactive components and can be an effective antiplasmodial agent.


Keywords: Antiplasmodial activity, in vitro, P.falciparum, S.hermanni

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How to Cite
Utami, P. D., & Yudho, V. (2021). High Antiplasmodial Activity of Golden Gamat (S.hermanni) Extract Through In Vitro Study. European Journal of Biology and Biotechnology, 2(5), 19-23. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbio.2021.2.5.260