Plasmodiasis in Relation to Haematological Parameters among Children in the Internally Displaced Persons Camps (IDPS) within Maiduguri, Nigeria

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  •   Umoru M. Askira

  •   E. S. Marshall

  •   S. A. Onyilokwu

  •   Alhaji Bukar

  •   H. J. Balla

  •   H. B. Ali

Abstract

Introduction: Malaria parasite is a protozoan disease that is transmitted by female anopheles mosquito which infects humans regardless of age, sex and status. It has a worldwide distribution and often prevalent in the developing countries and areas with poor environmental hygiene this study focuses on the incidence of plasmodiasis in relation to haematological parameters among children in the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camp.


Methods: blood samples were collected via venipuncture for thick blood film and was stained with giemsa diluted 1:10 and rapid diagnostic techniques (RDT), while the hematological parameter were analyzed by auto analyzer machine.


Results: a total of two hundred and one (201) samples were obtained from two different camps in the study area. 87 were obtained from Stadium IDPs camp and 114 from Bakassi camp. From the Stadium IDPs camp 25(12.4%) were malaria positive and 62(30.8%) were negative. Similarly, from Bakassi IDPs camp, 58(28.9%) were positive and 56(27.9%) were negative.


Conclusions: Males were shown to have eosinophilia compared to the females, due to an increase in the eosinophil count in them which can be used to predict the intensity of malaria infection, and a decrease in the eosinophil in females. There was a partial negative correlation due to a decrease in the monocyte and lymphocyte with increasing parasite density count.


Keywords: Malaria, IDPS, Maiduguri, plasmodiasis

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How to Cite
Askira, U. M., Marshall, E. S., Onyilokwu, S. A., Bukar, A., Balla, H. J., & Ali, H. B. (2021). Plasmodiasis in Relation to Haematological Parameters among Children in the Internally Displaced Persons Camps (IDPS) within Maiduguri, Nigeria. European Journal of Biology and Biotechnology, 2(5), 66-70. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbio.2021.2.5.265