Plasmodiasis in Relation to Haematological Parameters among Children in the Internally Displaced Persons Camps (IDPS) within Maiduguri, Nigeria


  •   Umoru M. Askira

  •   E. S. Marshall

  •   S. A. Onyilokwu

  •   Alhaji Bukar

  •   H. J. Balla

  •   H. B. Ali


Introduction: Malaria parasite is a protozoan disease that is transmitted by female anopheles mosquito which infects humans regardless of age, sex and status. It has a worldwide distribution and often prevalent in the developing countries and areas with poor environmental hygiene this study focuses on the incidence of plasmodiasis in relation to haematological parameters among children in the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camp.

Methods: blood samples were collected via venipuncture for thick blood film and was stained with giemsa diluted 1:10 and rapid diagnostic techniques (RDT), while the hematological parameter were analyzed by auto analyzer machine.

Results: a total of two hundred and one (201) samples were obtained from two different camps in the study area. 87 were obtained from Stadium IDPs camp and 114 from Bakassi camp. From the Stadium IDPs camp 25(12.4%) were malaria positive and 62(30.8%) were negative. Similarly, from Bakassi IDPs camp, 58(28.9%) were positive and 56(27.9%) were negative.

Conclusions: Males were shown to have eosinophilia compared to the females, due to an increase in the eosinophil count in them which can be used to predict the intensity of malaria infection, and a decrease in the eosinophil in females. There was a partial negative correlation due to a decrease in the monocyte and lymphocyte with increasing parasite density count.

Keywords: Malaria, IDPS, Maiduguri, plasmodiasis


AMCA, Mosquito-Borne Diseases, American Mosquito Control Association ® Mount Laurel Nj, Usa, Retrieved from: Www. Mosquito.Org/Mosquito-Borne-Diseases., (March 11, 2016). And Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9(7):275, 2014.

LSM. Malaria Control Program, Lagos State ministry of Retrieved 11th march, 2016.

J. David, E. C. Anaso, L. N. Ozurumba, “Prevalence of Malaria in a Study Population in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Symptomatic Manifestation and Public Health Implications,” Greener Journal of Biological Sciences. Vol. 6(5), pp. 103-111, 2016.

T. Deng, P. Yang, D. Zhao, P. Feng, D. Pine, B. F. Chmelka, G. D. Stucky, “Hierarchically ordered oxides,” Science, vol. 282(5397), pp. 2244-2246, 1998.

M. Kotepui, Bhukdee Phunphuech, Nuoil Phiwklam, Chaowanee Chupeerac and Suwit Duangmano, “Effect of Malarial Infection on Haematological Parameters in Population near Thailand-Myanmar Border M,” Journal of Malaria, 13:218, 2014.

Nigeria Gallery, National Population Commission, 2nd quarter, Vol 7(9), pp. 2346, 2017.

R. N. Kamwi, J. K. E. Mfune, G. P. Kaaya, J. B. Jonazi, “Seasonal Variation in the Prevalence of Malaria and Vector Species in Northern Namibia,” Journal of Entomology and Nematology, vol. 9(5), pp. 42-48, 2013.

C. A. Oyinbo, “Secondary injury mechanisms in traumatic spinal cord injury: a nugget of this multiply cascade,” Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars), vol. 71(2), pp. 281-99, 2011.

Mckenzie Fe, Prudhomma Wa, Magil Aj, Jr Fomey, B. Permpanich, C. Lucas, “White Blood Cell Counts and Malaria,” J Infect Dis, vol. 192, pp. 323-330, 2000. Pmd: 15962228.

S. Bhawna, A. Bharti, K. Yorkshire, A. Reena, “Parasitemia and Hematological alterations in Malaria: a study from the highly affected zones in India,” Iranian Journal of Pathology, vol. 8, pp. 1-8, 2013.

P. Senthilkumaar, S. Sarojini, “Hematological Studies in Malaria Affected Patients in North China, Tamil Nadu,” Euro J Exp Bio, vol. 3, pp. 199-205, 2013.

A. Abdalla, “Peripheral Blood and Bone Marrow Leucocyte in Gambia Children with Malaria: Numerical Changes and Evalaution of Phagocytosis,” Ann Trop Paediatr., vol. 8, pp. 250-258, 1998.

L. A. Bashawri, A. A Mandil, A. A., Bahnassy, & M. A. Ahmed, “Malaria: Hematological Aspects,” Ann Saudi Med, vol. 22, pp. 372-376, 2002.

S. Ladhan, B. Lowe, A. O. Cole, K. Kowuondo, C. R. Newton, “Changes in White Cells and Platelets in Children with Falciparum Malaria: Relationship to Disease Outcome,” Br J Haematol, pp. 839-847, 2002. 10.1046 Ij.1365- 2141.2002.03904.X.

L. M. Erhart, K. Yingyuen, N. Chuanak, N. Buathong, A. Laoboonchai, R. S. Miller, S. R. Meshnick, R. A. Gasser, C. Wongsrichanalai, “Hematological and Clinical Indices of Malaria in Semi Immune Population of Western Thailand,” Ann J Med Hygiene, vol. 70, pp. 8-14, 2004.

D. N. Dapper, C. A. Nwauche, I. M. Siminialayi, “Some Hematological Reference Values for Pre-Primary and Primary School Aged Children in Port Harcourt, Nigeria,” Niger J Clin Pract, vol. 12, pp. 262-7, 2009.

R. Maina, D. Walsh, C. Gadd, G. Hongo, J. Waitumbi, L. Otieno, “Impact of Plasmodium Falciparum Infection on Haematological Parameters in Children Living in Western Kenya,” Malaria J, vol. 9, pp. 53-54, 2010.

B. Morassin, R. Fabre, A. Berry, J. F. Magnaval, “One year’s experience with the polymerase chain reaction as a routine method for the diagnosis of imported malaria,” American Journal of Tropical Medical Hygiene, vol. 9(66), pp. 503-508, 2005.

O. L. George, I. C. Ewelike-Ezean, “Haematological Changes in Children with Malaria Infection in Nigeria,” J Med Med Sci, vol. 2, pp.768-71, 2011.

R. Romi, F. Severini, L. Toma, “Cold Acclimation and Overwintering of Female Aedes Albopictus in Roma,” Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, vol. 22 (1), pp. 149-151, 2006.

WHO. World Malaria Report 2019. 2019. Retrieved From: Www.Who.Int/News-Room/Feature-Stories/Detail/World-Malaria-Report- 2019.

D. C. Warhurst, J. E. Williams, “ACP Broadsheet no 148. July 1996. Laboratory diagnosis of malaria,” Journal of clinical pathology, vol. 49(7), p. 533, 1996.

World Health Organization. Malaria Campaign. Saving Young Lives. 2017. Retrieved from: Www.Who.Int/Malaria/News/2017/Smc-Campaign- Nigeria/En/.


How to Cite
Askira, U. M., Marshall, E. S., Onyilokwu, S. A., Bukar, A., Balla, H. J., & Ali, H. B. (2021). Plasmodiasis in Relation to Haematological Parameters among Children in the Internally Displaced Persons Camps (IDPS) within Maiduguri, Nigeria. European Journal of Biology and Biotechnology, 2(5), 66-70.